Bifocal Assessment in the Cognitive Age: Thinking Maps for Assessing Content Learning and Cognitive Processes


Written by David Hyerle and Kimberly Williams —

In this article, the Thinking Maps® model is introduced as a theoretical and practical common visual language for teaching, learning, and assessment that reflects what we know about how the brain works, learning, and cognition. The authors offer tools for educators and learners to determine not only “what” is learned but also “how” it is learned.